In industrial work settings there are many potential hazards that can cause accidents and injuries. The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) requires that employers take steps to either eliminate workplace hazards or reduce them to acceptable risk levels. Companies use various safety tools to address hazards; one of the most widely utilized is the Job Safety Analysis process, commonly called JSA.
JSA is a structured process that focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment of individual tasks or jobs. The JSA process helps workers identify the hazards of the job, and then introduces steps to eliminate or reduce hazards to acceptable risk levels. When a JSA is performed correctly, it can be an effective accident prevention tool that increases workplace safety.
The JSA process provides both employers and the employees with many different benefits. For new employees, the JSA process provides pre-job training on the safe work practices that will be used. The process also helps experienced employees maintain safety awareness and limit complacency.
The JSA process maps out the job step sequence so all the workers involved know when to perform their assigned tasks, and clearly states the procedures, tools and PPE to use. These benefits help to reduce completion time and decrease safety risks. Additionally, the JSA helps workers adhere to company policies and regulations.
During the course of work situations can arise that call for the job steps be modified, or require that a new job be performed. The JSA process provides clear instructions in the event of a job change, or a new job.
Workers directly involved in the job process are generally the most knowledgeable about the hazards, and also have the most direct control over them. The JSA process utilizes this, and helps improve overall job planning by combining the experience of the worker’s involved. This aspect of JSA also encourages better communication, increases productivity and improves morale.